Cattle farm

Pilot Project / Draft Concept Paper

Introduction

Centre For Child Development (CFCD) is a registered non-government organization functioning in the North and East of the country since 1997. The primary mandate of the organization is to see that the lives of all children are improved with appropriate protection and facilities available for continuing uninterrupted education. CFCD is being managed by a diverse group of 9 eminent Board members of whom 3 are women. The main office is located in Jaffna while temporary project offices are available in the Vanni for implementing projects.

The scenario in the environment changed drastically with the end of the more than 3 decades long war in the country and showed quite clearly the vulnerability of more than 90,000 widows in the North and East, mostly young, who have been forced to take upon the leadership roles in the families contrary to the traditional roles played by them so far. If the children in such families are to be supported properly it should be the mothers who should be developed economically. Thus, the mandate of CFCD has to be adjusted accordingly over time to suit the reality and the need of the hour.

Thus, CFCD considered it necessary for possible economic empowerment of vulnerable Women Headed Households (WHHs) so that the intervention could give hopes to the growing children in the young families.

The women in the target families are able to involve in livestock development especially cattle and goats farming for which they have sufficient land area in own compounds in the Vanni. Also, the type of activity does not demand the women to be out of homes unnecessarily and make them safe to some extent. The involvement of CFCD in the sector shows that in the past 4 years 125 women have been supported for cattle farming and 120 women for goats farming. Sale of milk and milk based products are not challenging these days as any amount of milk could be sold and standard milk collection centres are available in rural villages.

Situation Analysis

Many organizations have been providing assistance to develop livestock for economic empowerment of marginalized families during the war and post-war periods. The fact is that not many have been successful in the initiatives even though technical guidance has been linked properly with the support of the Department of Animal Production and Health. The challenge has been the availability of good quality animals in the area. This has resulted in the beneficiaries to reap limited benefit from the intervention wasting the local available resources. The beneficiaries are not showing interest to move from the open dairy method to the farm method either individually or jointly.

Geographical Area

Visvamadu is in Mullaitivu District which has been identified as a suitable place for livestock development. Lift-irrigation scheme available in Visvamadu has not encouraged supplementary food crops cultivation as expected. There are a number of farmers who have experience in animal husbandry in the area and thus Visvamadu has been identified as a potential area for such initiative. A total of 7 acres of coconut lands are available in two plots of 4 acres and 3 acres without any lease that could be made use of as a livestock farm.

Purpose

The primary aim of the project is to provide educational sponsorship to 50 vulnerable children through the establishment of a pilot livestock farm at Visvamadu in the lift-irrigation area managed by CFCD.

Results:

  1. Successful livestock farm in operation.
  2. Provision of support to 50 vulnerable children to continue education on a monthly basis.
  3. Motivate others to replicate such farms over time to boost milk and milk based products.

Project Description

This is a project owned and managed by CFCD to provide necessary and needed assistance to 50 vulnerable children for education from Mullaitivu District. Thus, from the first moth itself a turnover of Rs 50,000 is required to meet the urgent needs of the identified vulnerable children, which has to be continued over the months and years until the children complete their education. In addition, the project has to earn a minimum repayment amount monthly to make out Rs 500,000 at the end of each year.

The two land plots of 4 acres and 3 acres lay side by side at Visvamadu divided by a lane in between. The coconut lands have to be properly taken over from the owners though with no lease amount to avoid any future legal issues. The fencing and construction of minimum sheds for the animals and stores need to be looked in to properly at the beginning. Arrangements to get sufficient water supply including appropriate electricity supply also have to be attended to. The farm would have a maximum of 4 workers who may be males and females depending on the availability and their capacity.
The procurement of cattle would have to be done together with the Dept of AP & H so that high quality cows are bought which could give good yield from the very first month. The utensils required for feeding the animals would have to be procured in advance including the tools and implements that may be needed for routine and day to day cleaning and maintenance of the farm. The utensils to collect milk and store should be very carefully selected so that the contamination would not create any future difficulties.

Linkages with Milgro and Nestle are very important who would make necessary arrangements to collect milk from the doorsteps at pre-arranged times.

Coaching and mentoring of Amuthasurapi Development Organization is necessary to make them actively involve in the day to day monitoring and reporting tasks. Finally, it is CFCD that should be held responsible to make the farm a very successful venture so that there are many others who would want to replicate the system.

Target Beneficiaries

50 vulnerable school children from WHHs and other marginalized families in Mullaitivu District.

Funding

Approximately LKR 4 Million is expected on credit with the support of Diaspora community and the input has to be repaid less interest over a period of 8 years. It means that annually LKR 500,000 has to be settled.

Stakeholders

Budget

The following gives a brief summary of the budget:

Construction of sheds, fencing, water supply, electricity etc LKR 1.5 Million

Utensils, feeds, transport, management, grass etc LKR 500,000

Procurement of 20 quality cows LKR 2 Million

TOTAL Budget LKR 4 Million

Monitoring and Evaluation

Amuthasurapi Development Organization in Puthukudiyiruppu DS Division formed by CFCD would be involved in the routine monitoring and evaluation of the farm activities. The organization has all women members active in various livelihood activities and has proved its worth in the past 4 years through the efficient functioning. CFCD would be rendering necessary guidance and facilitation to the organization as and when necessary.

S.Yoganathan
Executive Director Jaffna / May 23, 2016