Support for Durable Resettlement (SDR)
Project Basic Information
|Title of the project||Livelihood Support to Resettled Communities-Jaffna under the Joint Programme for Peace (JPP)|
|Project locations||Jaffna, Uduvil, Sandilipay and Tellipalai DS divisions in Jaffna District|
|Project Period||15th December 2020 to 31st August 2021|
|Project Cost||LKR . 27.5 million|
UNDP and CFCD Collaboration
United Nations Development Program (UNDP) has been functioning in Jaffna district since around 1997 with the return of the government administration even before the conflict was brought to an end. UNDP commenced with the Transition Program initially which was continued as Transition Recovery Program later on and took different dimensions to suit the needs of the district until now. The British High Commission (BHC) is one potential donor of UNDP to support various initiatives in the country and especially the North. BHC has been the main donor for important projects implemented by CFCD in Jaffna District through UNDP.
CFCD commenced implementing projects for UNDP from late 2016 which is continuing until now with intermittent breaks. The prime area of focus has been the provision of livelihood assistance to vulnerable families comprising women headed households, persons with disabilities and other similar categories. The minimum value of individual assistance remained at LKR 150,000. The identified beneficiaries received required technical trainings prior to the provision of identified inputs. The trainings are provided by professional persons from state as well as private institutions. Further when necessary value-addition techniques for products has also been incorporated for better and efficient market supply. The whole process looks at sustainable intervention which should be continued by the beneficiaries even when there is no donor presence.
To support durable resettlement of communities and build confidence and trust in the reconciliation process by providing resettling communities with essential basic services along with access to sustainable livelihood and income generation opportunities.
Output 1 – Strengthened institutions and local authorities are better able to support resettlement needs and scale up service delivery
Output 2 – Vulnerable resettled communities have increased livelihood opportunities that are durable, disaster and climate change resilient
Output 3: Community based organizations/producer organizations/civil society and other groups function effectively that also addresses prejudices and negative social norms
The current project has been completed now and a brief review should prove useful to understand the environment and the basic achievements. The briefing below deals with specific topics covered during the project implementation which should help to grasp the overall picture of the project:
- Institutional strengthening support:
When the government institutions are ready and prepared with increased capacity the services rendered to the needy community could be expected to be quite fast and smooth. Thus, the intervention of BHC through UNDP proved very effective in making this happen in the DS divisions that were identified.
The health department was supported to strengthen the identification of non-communicable diseases and provide better services to the resettled community. Timely support was provided to develop a software system to handle non -communicable diseases and Corona infected patients in Uduvil MOH division. The innovative and quick method was launched to enter the referrals during the busy hours. This pilot system was introduced to one particular division. But it is applicable to other divisions also.
- Agriculture development:
The lands allowed for resettlement were uninhabited for over 3 decades and appeared as thick jungles. Many could not identify their property leave alone the easy access. Those who knew the history of the land have either gone outside or dead during the conflict. The situation became miserable for many. Thus, the resettlement posed great challenges at the beginning, However, steps were gradually taken to make easy access to the area through jungle clearance and providing assistance in the surveying and marking of lands by the government. The timely intervention of BHC through UNDP made it easy for the families to get confidence on the process and make positive efforts to resettle in own lands. The provision of temporary shelters / semi-permanent structures took place on the one side while the LH assistance of BHC/UNDP made it feasible for them to commence cultivation and earn an income in parallel. The beneficiaries had little resources on their own to invest on anything. However, the inputs provided through the project of BHC/UNDP facilitated them to continue the cultivation the second time but on an increased capacity which guaranteed added earning from the fertile land. The progress made the others waiting for resettlement to come forward and occupy their territories on the longer run. Thus, sustainable resettlement got induced and the process is continuing until now with most of the potential beneficiaries come back to live in their traditional lands.
The projects initiated and funded by BHC with UNDP made it possible to sort out the difficulties and make the potential persons thrive in identified professions and make them earn reasonable and steady income from the resettled environment. Some of the very successful entrepreneurs were able to provide employment opportunities to a couple of other young persons from the community. This became quite successful and the youths continue to work more to expand their business ventures. At the beginning the youths had to borrow their tools and equipment which resulted in reduced earning but with the support of BHC/UNDP they got new items making their profit much more.
- Agro – wells rehabilitation:
23 Agro- wells were renovated with the best utilization of materials. Farmers involve in cultivation actively and expand their cultivation after removing shrubs and grass. The timely support provided boost them for engagement even in the pandemic situation.
- Enterprises Development:
The returnee families faced immense hardships to earn any income although there were many skilled-persons who had no financial support to invest. The projects initiated and funded by BHC with UNDP made it possible to sort out the difficulties and make the potential persons thrive in identified professions and make them earn reasonable and steady income from the resettled environment. Some of the very successful entrepreneurs were able to provide employment opportunities to a couple of other young persons from the community. This became quite successful and the youths continue to work more to expand their business ventures. At the beginning the youths had to borrow their tools and equipment which resulted in reduced earning but with the support of BHC/UNDP they got new items making their profit much more.
56 beneficiaries were given inputs to start up their business ventures as follows:
Tellipalai DS division – 41
Sandilipay DS division – 03
Uduvil DS division – 12
373 persons benefited (130- Male & 243- Female) through 2 mobile documentation clinics conducted in Sandilipay and Tellipalai division as given below:
|Total number of Documents||Birth Certificate||Marriage Certificate||PB||Birth Alteration||NIC|
Bill printing machines for Sandilipay, Tellipalai & Uduvil Divisions Asst District Registrars were provided so that their work could be improved.
- Animal Husbandry:
35 livestock farmers were supported under this project. Female notably women headed households were encouraged to involve in livestock farming. The summary of inputs provided is given below:
|Total number of beneficiaries||Male||Female||Youth||PWD||WHH||WC|
- Strengthen CBOs:
CBO Assessment report prepared. 42 CBOs were assessed and the needs analyzed.
Jaffna DS division – 24 CBOs: Elders society -01, CC-04, WRDS-05, RDS-01, Sports club-04, Gramashakthy-02, Fisheries’ Society- 01 & other societies -06
Sandilipay DS division- 04 CBOs: CC-02, WRDS -01 & other society -01
Uduvil DS division- 14 CBOs: Elders’ society-03, CC-02, WRDS-02, RDS-03, Farmers’ organization-02 & Grama shakthy-02
2 training sessions took place for members of the 20 CBOs on organizational management and leadership & communication.
- Gender Consideration:
Women from all areas were motivated to engage in income generation activities. Equal opportunities were provided to both gender during beneficiary selection process. Special needs for the destitute women were taken in to consideration to ensure both gender participation in all activities.
Addressed how the assistance can make the maximum optimal contribution to gender equality. It states that performance management systems and evaluations must include gender‐sensitive indicators and sex‐disaggregated data.
The crucial role and contribution of local civil society organizations in promoting shared values of women have been facilitated to members of the CBOs.
CFCD has taken in to consideration on women participation, non -violent environment, transparency, accountability, safety and security of girls and women while the implementation of the project. These measures promoted women to take part in civil society organization and would be able to ensure all communities have equitable access to information and services through the active participation.
- Home Gardening:
Provided immediate assistance and livelihood inputs for newly resettled communities, promotion of organic home gardening is also an activity. Covid-19 pandemic condition devastated the total life of the people all over the island. Government announcement to close all shopping complexes and markets made people to be isolated and remain inside homes.
Through the intervention of this project 89 returnees obtained home gardening packages in Sandilipay, Uduvil and Tellipalai DS divisions. The earlier plan and methodology discussed with PD, Agriculture and UNDP experts with CFCD’s agriculture consultant and Program Manager. With the assistance of Agriculture department CFCD field team lead by agriculture consultant selected beneficiaries.
Through the awareness and better mobilization of people, the returnees were facilitated to understand the importance of organic cultivation. Earth warm culture was applied to them to promote organic fertilizer. Early demonstration and awareness were provided by agriculture instructor and Consultant to all selected farmers. Coaching included the following titles.
- Importance of home gardening during the Covid-19 situation: People are requested to be inside home & advised to avoid contacts or movements. So, making home gardening is essential for the people.
- What are the effects of Poisonous vegetables?
- Pest control
- Manufacturing mixtures & preparation methods: Five leaves mixture, garlic mixture, Panchacowvia, liquid fertilizer, liquid tea, thermo mixture, butter milk solution,& Neem solution
- Earth worm culture & fertilizer – What are the importance of earth worm in cultivation?
Demonstration for earthworm culture was instructed separately for sub- groups. Home gardeners were encouraged to take part in inter-competition too. By this competition people are motivated to implement their home gardens. One village – one crop concept was also introduced to them.
This is the prime time to promote home gardening and we are proud to say our beneficiaries have all items to promote their home gardening during the lock down period as well. They are able to produce chemical free vegetables and they could maintain healthy life.